A Taxonomy of Theories about ICTs and Society

  • Wolfgang Hofkirchner ICT&S Center, University of Salzburg
Keywords: ways of thinking, technodeterminism, social constructivim, mutual shaping approach, eutopianism, dystopianism, design theories


How is the relationship between ICTs and society to be conceived of? And how is the relationship to be evaluated? These two questions form the basis upon which an ideal-typical categorisation of different theoretical approaches can be built. The scheme presented here allows to be aware of advantages and disadvantages of certain ways of theorising.

Author Biography

Wolfgang Hofkirchner, ICT&S Center, University of Salzburg
  • Professor, Internet and Society, University of Salzburg; Associate Professor, Technology Assessment, Vienna University of Technology
  • Member, Board of Directors, and Chair, Science Advisory Committee, Science of Information Institute, Washington
  • Member, Foundations of Information Science Board, http://fis.icts.sbg.ac.at
  • President, Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science, Vienna
  • Editor, Unity Through Diversity Two, Bertalanffy Center for the Study of Systems Science Book Series, ISCE Publishing, Goodyear, Arizona
  • Member, Board, Institut für Design Science, München
  • Coordinator, icts and society network, http://www.icts-and-society.net
  • Research fields: Praxio-Onto-Epistemology, Evolutionary Systems Theory, Unified Theory of Information, Critical Social Systems Theory, Critical Design Theory, Critical Information Society Theory
Theorizing ICTs & Society